Termites are pests that can cause serious damage to homes, buildings and almost anything organic. Every year, the damage caused by these pests can reach millions of dollars so owners of properties should consider protection not only from fire, floods, or burglary, but also from termites which can’t be easily seen.
Usually, termites are found under the soil or even on at the yard, but when they invade homes, they are on the wooden portions-wooden beams, furniture etc. Termites go from outdoor environments through tunneling, and a sign of that is the appearance of mud tubes on wood and on walls.
Often it is difficult to know whether there are termites exist, because when termites feed on wood, the outer surface is usually left unharmed. However, you will know that termites are living in wood if the feeding galleries contain soil or mud. Termites may also form mud tubes on foundation walls, sill plates, and joists. If these tubes are cracked, chances are that termites can be seen lurking.
Common termite species include:
Subterranean termites, which usually live in soil but cause the most destruction when they get out of the soil.
Dry-wood termites, which can live in plants with dry wood, but which go on to destroy predominantly wood products, and
Damp-wood termites, which feed mainly on wood that is already decaying and moist.
A termite life cycle involves the following stages:
Mating flights involve the transfer of male and female reproductive termites onto other locations.
When termites become fertilized, they shed wings and form new colonies. One male and one female serve as the king and queen, respectively, of a colony.
In a colony, the queen lays thousands of eggs.
Any termites emerging from the eggs may become workers (who make tunnels and feed other termites), warriors (who engage in combat), and reproductive termites (who procreate). Reproductive termites eventually engage in mating flights, thus repeating the cycle.
Termites mainly feed on wood, thus causing the wood to become hollow and more susceptible to further damage. Once there, they do not stop as they begin feeding on paper, books, and even on various insulation systems. Termites can also invade woody plants. Finally, when there are winged termites present, they can cause plenty of annoyance especially when they emerge in swarms.
Calling a termite control company like Star Pest Control is often necessary for the task of getting rid of the termites. Our technicians know where termites are most likely to enter and how to get rid of them. Termiticides are often used; they can kill existing termites and even prevent new termites from entering.
Baits are also installed; they consist of wood or cardboard laced with substances deadly to termites.