Cockroaches are among the oldest group of insects. This could be attributed to the fact that they are able to adapt to changes in environment, and as scavengers, they will eat anything organic.
Cockroaches are attracted to warm, moist places. During the day, they hide in dark secluded places such as under refrigerators, dark corners, drains, in crevices between floors and baseboards, at the back of cabinets and even pictures or within electronic equipment. At night, they come out of their hiding places during to look for food and water. Their presence during the day may indicate of a serious problem as they are nocturnal and are not that easy to spot.
The most common signs of infestation include:
Shell casings â€“ These are egg cases from recently hatched cockroaches and are seen as small dark brown oval-shaped casings.
Cockroach specs â€“ The dark-colored specs are regurgitated food and fecal pellets. The specs look like grains of ground pepper.
Smell â€“ The insects give off a strong oily odor which is extremely pungent when there is a large population. The smell is unpleasant and can seep into foods that are exposed.
There are around 3,000 species of cockroaches in the world. The most common species are:
German cockroach â€“ The cockroach is 12 to 17 mm long and tan to light brown in color. It has 2 dark brown stripes on its body. They are widespread and can be found in restaurants, homes, workplaces etc. The specie is more frequent than other species.
American cockroach â€“ This is the largest roach in the northeast. It’s about 1.5 inches long and has reddish color. They are mostly found in sewers.
Brown banded cockroach â€“ It’s about a half inch, light brown in color. It requires less moisture compared to other species. It often evades electrical equipment such as computers, radio etc.
Cockroachâ€™s life-cycle includes the following stages:
The egg â€“ being put into a case together with six to forty other eggs at a time. These cases are often hidden away for protection
Nymph â€“ The eggs hatch into nymphs after six to seven weeks
Adult â€“ Nymphs go through several molting processes to form adults
The insects are considered pests because they are a nuisance and carry diseases. Roaches themselves don’t have diseases but their hairy legs and sticky body and feet carry germs that cause diseases.
Some basic steps can be taken to get rid of cockroaches include:
Find the infestation â€“ Look for their dropping or egg cases to identify their hiding places.
Eliminate the harboring areas â€“ Seal any crack in your home or workplace to get rid of them.
Clear dark paces in your kitchen and bathroom.
Get rid of food and water sources â€“ Eliminate their food sources by ensuring your house is clean, getting rid of garbage, keeping food in enclosed places, fixing leaky pipes etc
Treatment â€“ Various pesticides are effective in cockroach elimination. Choose a pesticide that won’t cause any hazard to the environment.
Call in the experts like Star Pest Control who can deal with them effectively.